Septic Tank Systems in High Groundwater areas: What You Need To Know.
Septic Tank Systems in High Groundwater Areas: What You Need to Know
A septic tank system is an underground system that treats and disposes of wastewater from homes and businesses. It consists of a septic tank, which separates solids from liquids, and a drainfield, which absorbs the treated liquids.Septic Tank Systems in High Groundwater areas: What You Need To Know. Get ready to maybe learn something new !
Septic Systems in High GroundWater Locations
In areas with high groundwater, the drainfield may not be able to absorb the treated liquids properly. This can lead to problems such as backups, flooding, and pollution.
Here are some things you can do to prevent problems with your septic tank system in a high groundwater area:
- Design a system that is specifically designed for high groundwater areas. These systems are typically designed with a larger drainfield or a mound system, which raises the drainfield above the level of the groundwater.
- Have your septic tank pumped regularly. This will help to remove solids that can clog the drainfield.
- You must use BioForce Bacterial Waste Liquefier once a month.
- Install a Septic Tank Filter.
- Avoid putting grease, oil, and other contaminants down the drain. These substances will damage the septic tank and the drainfield.
- Plant trees and shrubs around the drainfield to help absorb water. This will help to reduce the amount of water that flows out of the drainfield.
Septic Tank Systems, High GroundWaster and the Environment: What you need to know
If you are concerned about the environmental impact of your septic tank system, there are a few things you can do:
- Choose a in in-home system that uses less water. This can be done by installing a low-flow toilet or shower head. Change out the kitchen and bathroom faucet’s aerators to less then a gallon per minute. This will save a lot of water!
- Use a septic tank additive to help break down solids and improve treatment efficiency. These additives can help to reduce the amount of solids that need to be pumped out of the tank. The cleaner the tank, The longer the drainfield will last.
- Have your septic tank pumped by a licensed professional. This will help to ensure that the tank is pumped out properly and that the solids are disposed of properly.
If you have experienced septic tank problems or a failed leachfield, there are a few things you can do:
Septic Tank Systems in High Groundwater areas: What You Need To Know, It can be done!
By following these tips, you can help ensure that your septic tank system works properly and protects your home and the environment.
Here are some additional tips for homeowners with septic tanks in high groundwater areas:
- Inspect your septic tank and drainfield every 3-5 years. This will help to identify any potential problems early on.
- Pump your septic tank every 3-5 years, or more often if necessary. This will help to remove solids that can clog the drainfield.
- Don’t overload your septic tank with grease, oil, or other contaminants. These substances can damage the septic tank and the drainfield.
- Plant trees and shrubs around your drainfield to help absorb water. This will help to reduce the amount of water that flows through the drainfield.
- Contact a septic tank professional if you have any problems with your system. They will be able to help you troubleshoot the problem and find a solution.
- Install a Septic Tank Filter before your drainfield or LeachField.
Septic Tank Systems in High Groundwater Areas: What You Need To Know: Our over 40 plus years of experience successfully installing them.
Installing an environmentally friendly septic tank and leachfield system in a high groundwater area is very possible. I know we have been doing it for over 40 plus years!
It takes planning, and an absolute pledge of all involved to keep the drainfield above the water table at all costs and by any means it takes. We take the environment and water, groundwater to the bays and the oceans very seriously. We form teams to go out and clean a beach, the bays, and the oceans! Yes we are dam proud of this!
We take the environment and water, groundwater to the bays and the oceans very seriously.
Above the GroundWater Septic Systems can be done. It all starts with where the main waste line leaves the home. The questions that come to mind are how high or how low does this main waste line leave the home and how deep is the groundwater table at its highest?
French Drains will give you a clue on what you are dealing with:
If the home has a French Drain system below the foundation and is active with constant groundwater going into it and being pumped by a lift station outside and into an area that ends with an open pipe. This is important to know. You cannot control Mother Nature. You can help her and pray but at the end of the day, Mother Nature will do what Mother Nature wants.
The Main Line Leaving your home:
If the main waste line leaving the home is below the foundation into this groundwater, The Lift Station to pump up the waste must be anchored into the ground so the groundwater does not push it up. Anytime you break a floor up to install a liftstation into even when groundwater is close, You must anchor it down solidly. Even with a mid-high line also.
You cannot control Mother Nature. You can help her and pray but at the end of the day, Mother Nature will do what Mother Nature wants.
A highline waste line system where a liftstation can be sat on a concrete basement floor, You must cement a ring around the liftstation to keep it from moving. You may have to knock a hole thru the foundation. This must be way above the GroundWater and at least 3 feet above the ground outside. This may change when we add the Septic Tank!
High GroundWater Septic Tank placement:
The placement of a septic tank in an area with high groundwater can be challenging. The tank must be installed ABOVE the level of the groundwater at least 4 feet. The drainfield must also be located in an area where the soil can absorb the treated wastewater. Our absolute Minimum above the seasonal high water table is 4 feet. We will go into more of this later.
Here are some factors to consider when placing a septic tank in an area with high groundwater:
- Depth of the groundwater: The tank must be installed ABOVE the level of the groundwater. The minimum depth of a septic tank is usually 4 feet, but this may vary depending on local regulations. When it comes to putting a septic tank in the soil with a groundwater, our standard is still 4 feet above the highest groundwater ever recorded. We take the time to find this very important environment saving information.
- Soil conditions: The drainfield must be located in an area where the soil can absorb the treated wastewater. Sandy soil is ideal for drainfields, as it is well-drained. Clay soil is not ideal, as it is slow to drain. The leach field again must be a minimum of 4 feet above the highest ever recorded water table.
- Slope of the land: The drainfield should be installed on a slight slope, so that the wastewater can flow downhill. This will help to prevent the drainfield from becoming clogged.
- Distance from the house: The septic tank and drainfield should be located at least 10 feet from the house. This will help to prevent the spread of contamination.
- Size of the tank: The size of the tank will depend on the number of people using the system. A larger tank will be needed for a larger household. The larger the Septic Tank the better for the environment and the more septic tanks in series the cleaner the environment.
- Type of tank: There are two main types of septic tanks: concrete and plastic. Concrete tanks are more durable, but they are also more expensive. Plastic tanks are less expensive, but they are not as durable. Concrete septic tanks are heavy and are excellent for high groundwater areas. More about this later and how we sometimes install them!
- Drainfield design: There are two main types of drainfield designs: conventional and mound. Conventional drainfields are buried in the ground. Mound drainfields are raised above the ground. Mound drainfields are better suited for areas with high groundwater levels. We have installed what we call a Recirculating Mound System. This also means we will be installing a septic tank in series and an Aeration Treatment Unit. More about this later!
septic tank and leachfield system in a high groundwater area is possible!
What we have done when it comes to putting a Septic Tank in an High GroundWater areas.
We have many jobs when dealing with a high-GroundWater table and installing a septic tank, Before we install it and know where the groundwater is, We Tamp the ground to firm it up. We have even added a rock base under it so it does not sink and on a few jobs.
We have had big rocks cemented to the Septic Tank and the ground to add some weight and a decorated touch to blend with the client’s landscape. If there is another Septic Tank after the first Septic Tank, We do the same and make the line leaving the first septic tank the same height as the second septic tank. We do not want the septic tank to move from where we placed it.
We use gravity as much as possible but on some jobs, A lift station is needed from the home leaving and going to the first septic tank.
Septic Mound Systems and Leach fields systems.
There are two main types of drainfields: conventional and mound. Conventional drainfields are buried in the ground. Mound drainfields are raised above the ground.
Mound systems are better suited for areas with high groundwater levels. They are also a good option for areas with poor soil conditions.
In a mound system, the drainfield is built on a mound of sand or gravel. The mound is covered with soil and vegetation. The treated wastewater from the septic tank flows through the mound and is absorbed by the soil.
Mound systems have several advantages over conventional drainfields:
- They are less likely to be affected by high groundwater levels. The mound raises the drainfield above the groundwater level, so it is less likely to be flooded.
- They can be installed in areas with poor soil conditions. The sand and gravel in the mound provide a good environment for the bacteria that break down the wastewater.
- They are more resistant to clogging. The sand and gravel in the mound help to filter the wastewater, which reduces the risk of clogging.
- They can last longer than conventional drainfields. The sand and gravel in the mound are less likely to compact over time, which helps to maintain the efficiency of the system.
However, mound systems also have some disadvantages:
- They are more expensive to install. The mound system requires more materials and labor to install than a conventional drainfield. How much would you pay for a cleaner environment?
- They require more maintenance. The mound system needs to be inspected more frequently than a conventional drainfield.
- They can be unsightly. The mound system is visible above ground, which may not be desirable for some homeowners.
Leach Field Systems
Leach field systems are the most common type of drainfield. They are less expensive to install than mound systems and require less maintenance.
In a leach field system, the drainfield is buried in the ground. The treated wastewater from the septic tank flows through the pipes in the drainfield and is absorbed by the soil.
Leach field systems have several advantages over mound systems:
- They are less expensive to install. The leach field system does not require as much material or labor to install as a mound system.
- They require less maintenance. The leach field system does not need to be inspected or pumped as frequently as a mound system.
- They are not as unsightly. The leach field system is buried underground, so it is not visible.
However, leach field systems also have some disadvantages:
- They are more likely to be affected by high groundwater levels. The leach field pipes can be flooded if the groundwater level rises too high.
- They cannot be installed in areas with poor soil conditions. The soil in the leach field area must be able to absorb the wastewater. Sometimes a bigger LeachField can overcome this!
- They are more susceptible to clogging. The pipes in the leach field can clog if the wastewater is not properly treated. This is why Septic Tank Filters are very important!
- They may not last as long as mound systems. The pipes in the leach field can corrode over time, which can shorten the lifespan of the system. Most lifespans are 20 plus years.
Package Aeration Treatment Units
What is a Package Aeration Treatment Unit (PATU)?
A package aeration treatment unit (PATU) is a type of wastewater treatment system that uses aeration to break down organic matter and remove pollutants from wastewater. PATUs are typically used in small to medium-sized businesses and institutions, such as schools, hotels, and restaurants.
How Does a Package Aeration Treatment Unit Work?
A PATU consists of a tank, an air compressor, and a diffuser. The wastewater is pumped into the tank, where it is aerated by the air compressor. The diffuser releases the air into the tank, creating small bubbles that help to mix the wastewater and oxygenate it. The bacteria in the wastewater use the oxygen to break down the organic matter. The treated wastewater is then discharged from the tank into the LeachField or Mound system.
Benefits of Using a Package Aeration Treatment Unit
- Relatively easy to install and maintain. PATUs are typically pre-engineered and assembled, which makes them easy to install. They also require less maintenance than other types of wastewater treatment systems, such as activated sludge systems.
- Effective in removing pollutants from wastewater. PATUs are able to remove a variety of pollutants from wastewater, including suspended solids, BOD, and COD.
- Versatile. PATUs can be used in a variety of settings, including small businesses, institutions, and residential homes.
- Cost-effective. PATUs are a cost-effective alternative to other wastewater treatment systems.
Drawbacks of Using a Package Aeration Treatment Unit
- Noisy. PATUs can be noisy, especially when the air compressor is running. The brand we use is whisper quiet!
- Requires regular maintenance. PATUs require regular maintenance, such as cleaning and inspecting the tank and diffuser.
- Can be susceptible to clogging. PATUs can be susceptible to clogging, especially if they are not properly maintained. We have not come across an Aeration Treatment Unit that has clogged.
- May not be suitable for all applications. PATUs may not be suitable for all applications, such as applications where there is a high concentration of pollutants.
When to Use a Package Aeration Treatment Unit
A PATU is a good choice for homes, businesses and institutions that generate a moderate amount of wastewater. They are also a good choice for residential homes that are located in areas where septic tanks are not allowed.
If you are considering using a PATU, it is important to consult with a wastewater treatment professional to determine if it is the right system for your needs. They will be able to assess your wastewater needs and recommend the best system for your application.
Here are some additional tips for using a Package Aeration Treatment Unit:
- Inspect the system regularly and clean it as needed. This will help to prevent clogging and ensure that the system is working properly.
- Avoid putting grease, oil, and other contaminants down the drain. These contaminants can clog the system and damage the bacteria that break down the organic matter.
- Have the system pumped out by a professional every 3-5 years. This will help to remove solids that can build up in the tank and prevent the system from working properly.
By following these tips, you can help ensure that your PATU works properly and prevents problems.
Here are some of the factors to consider when choosing a package aeration treatment unit:
- The size of the system. The system should be sized to handle the amount of wastewater that your home, business or institution generates.
- The type of pollutants that need to be removed. The system should be able to remove the pollutants that are present in your wastewater.
- The cost of the system. The cost of the system will vary depending on the size, features, and manufacturer. We just keep this simple!
- The ease of maintenance. The system should be easy to maintain so that you can keep it running properly.
- The warranty. The system should come with a warranty that covers repairs and replacements.
Here is a link to the Manufacture of the Aeration Treatment Unit we use and suggest to use. Never have had a problem and they stick by them!
Please keep in mind that we still recommend once a month BioForce Bacterial Waste Liquefier down your toilet even if you have a Aeration Treatment Unit!
Which System is Right for You?
The best type of septic system for you will depend on your individual needs and circumstances. If you live in an area with high groundwater levels or poor soil conditions, a mound system may be the best option for you. If you are on a budget or prefer a less expensive system, a leach field system may be a better choice.
It is important to consult with a septic tank professional to determine the best type of system for your needs. They will be able to assess your site conditions and recommend the best system for your home.
If you are considering installing a septic tank in an area with high groundwater, it is important to consult with a septic tank professional. They will be able to help you choose the right system for your needs and ensure that it is installed properly.
Here are some additional tips for placing a septic tank in an area with high groundwater:
- Choose a system that is specifically designed for high groundwater areas. These systems are typically designed with a larger drainfield or a mound system.
- Install the tank on a solid base. This will help to prevent the tank from floating if the groundwater level rises.
- Backfill the tank with gravel or sand. This will help to filter the wastewater and prevent it from clogging the drainfield.
- Inspect the system regularly. This will help to identify any potential problems early on.
- Pump the tank regularly. This will help to remove solids that can clog the drainfield.
- A Septic Tank Filter must be installed !
As you can see here, This is just the tip of the iceberg. There is a lot of stuff to know, understand and follow thru when it comes to septic systems and high groundwater areas.
By following these tips, you can help ensure that your septic tank system works properly and prevents problems. Good Luck on your Septic Tank System project!
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Septic Tank Systems in High Groundwater areas: What You Need To Know by SepticTankBacteria.com
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